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2018年商务英语高级阅读理解针对性练习(2)

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  Staff appraisals

  Good preparation for staff appraisals can pay dividends in terms of staff loyalty and satisfaction.Many managers, particularly those running smaller companies, feel they are too busy to give their employees appraisals, and many staff clearly dread them. (0) ........... They provide the opportunity for the manager to have one-to-one discussions with an employee and find out about any concerns, as well as identifying training needs and discovering career aspirations. They can make a staff member feel valued and so build loyalty.

  The annual appraisal can either be a rewarding or painful experience. According to research carried out among 500 employees, the standard office appraisal is far from perfect.(8).............The possible outcome for the company is even worse; up to a quarter of employees will look for a new job within two weeks of a bad appraisal and 40% within a month.

  The quality of the appraisal lies with how the boss decides to carry it out. When it is done well, employees are able to use the feedback they receive to improve their performance. (9).............So how should a constructive appraisal be carried out? According to Andrew Gillingham, a consultant trainer, appraisals can be manager-led, with the appraiser preparing a document and sharing it with the employee. Establishing training needs and motivating the employee towards bigger and better things are part of this process. (10) ............. In both cases, Gillingham believes that the effectiveness of the appraisal discussion can determine the performance of the company.

  Gillingham believes that anyone who thinks it's just the employee who doesn't like the appraisal experience has got it wrong. Too many managers regard appraisals as a waste of time.(11) ..............................Managing people is a difficult matter, and without the necessary training, many managers try to avoid the uncomfortable issues that often need to be discussed at appraisals.

  Gillingham believes that calling the process an appraisal may be unhelpful.(12) ..........................In either case, it is important to ensure that the meeting is successful and results in better quality management. Gillingham firmly believes that the main thing is to emphasise an open communications ethos in the workplace that gives staff a chance to talk about issues and feel valued.

  A Alternatively, managers may want the employees themselves to evaluate their work performance.

  B In larger companies, the people likeiy to do something with this information will be found in the HR department.

  C. Problems such as rushing through the appraisal and being appraised by a manager who doesn't understand the employee's role were common concerns.

  D Arguably, 'performance review' is more appropriate since it helps create correct expectations from the meeting and indicates what will happen.

  E This is mainly because they have not been shown how to carry out appraisals properly.

  F But all too often, the format of the appraisal doesn't allow this.

  G But this can be avoided and, given a more positive attitude from participants, appraisals can prove enormously useful for all involved.

  《Staff appraisals》,员工评估。很多公司的员工和经理都害怕评估,但是好的评估可以增进员工的忠诚度和满意感,给公司带来益处。

  第八题,前面说年度评估可能是个有用的或者是痛苦的经历。但是根据调查,标准的年度评估效果却不尽如人意。那么正常来讲,后面应该接着说评估不好(far from perfect)的原因或者是表现。C选项讲的是表现(problems),E选项虽然有because,但是不是讲的评估不好的原因。选C,正好和后面也对的上。出了问题,才使得后果更加严重(the possible outcome is even worse)。

  第九题,也需要理顺上下文的逻辑关系。前面说评估的质量取决于老板决定怎么去执行。如果进行的好的话员工会根据收到的反馈来改进他们的表现。空格后面一个SO,问到怎么样让一个有建设性的评估被实行?那么前面的内容多少有点转折的意思。实行的好对改进员工的表现有好处,可实行的不好呢?逻辑上看,这里应该填入评估如果被执行的不好的话会怎么样,或者说影响实行的一些因素,所以后面才会问到该怎么去执行。从给出的几个选项,F是最符合这一特征的:评估的格式不允许这个(指根据反馈的结果改进表现)。


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